Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa).
- Needles: clusters of 3 (East of Continental Divide, mostly clusters of 2) 5-11 inches long
- Buds: New growing tips of branches protected with a tuft of long needles
- Bark: On mature trees, orange/brown/cinnamon-red, deep, dark furrows, and broken up in to plates (puzzle piece shape)
- Cones: 3-6 inches long, scale armed with a sharp prickle that sticks out, egg-shaped, brown
- Form; broad open crown with regular whorls of long, well separated branches
- Unique identifier: Longest needled pine in WA; bark smells like vanilla. Best adapted conifer to warm, dry habitats. Lower branches naturally die and drop forming a tall bare trunk.