mule deer Odocileus hemionus
Order Artiodactyla Pigs, deer, pronghorns, sheep, goat, bison, elk, caribou
- main axis of foot directly between 3rd and 4th digits
- ankle bone has both ends rounded
- premolars simpler than the molars- last molar usually 3-lobed
- Selected families below are all cud-chewing ruminants with no upper incisors. All have complex 4-chambered stomachs that break down plant cellulose, enabling them to graze or browse for a long period, and then retire away from predators & midday heat for the time-consuming cud-chewing and digestion:
Family Cervidae Elk, moose, caribou, & deer (antlers shed every year; usually only on males)
Habitat: east of the Cascades in WA, OR, and Interior B.C. preferring open forest and shrub-steppe.
Mule deer are browsers – eat the growing tips of trees & shrubs. In late winter, eat grass & herbaceous plants. In winter, prefer bitterbrush over sagebrush. In summer use over 30 species of trees and shrubs
Description: Mule deer have large dark ears. Tail (7-8 inches long) is white, except for a black tip. Largest deer in Pacific NW- Adult bucks up to 250 lbs. Color: summer- tan to light brown; winter- salt-& pepper gray. In Pacific NW, 2 species & 4 subspecies of deer occur.
Range: Mule deer range elevationally long distances during spring and fall to follow food and
Source for Images: http://wdfw.wa.gov/gallery/index.php/