Nucifraga columbiana Clark’s nutcracker
Jays & Crows (Corvidae Family)
Clark’s nutcrackers are large, sturdy songbirds with thick bills, strong legs, & loud voices. Noisy & aggressive; will mob predators. Usually travel in groups
Habitat: mature mixed conifer forests in mountains, usually at timberline, near rocky areas
- 12 inches long
- Usually in small groups flying around mountain slopes or conspicuously perched.
- A conifer seed specialist because the majority of its yearly diet (and that of its young) consists of fresh and stored pine seeds.
- They range extensively and specialize on 5-needled pine species. They harvest seeds and then cache them underground, returning year-round to dig-up stored seeds.
- Chunky gray bird
- Wingbeats are deep, slow, & crow-like
- Black wings & central tail feathers.
- White wing patches & outer tail feathers